Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on xing
Share on email
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on xing
Share on email

Der Corona-Selbsthilfe-Ratgeber, 2. Auflage: Literaturverzeichnis

  • #VitaminDforAll (2021):
    Over 200 Scientists & Doctors Call For Increased Vitamin D Use To Combat COVID-19.
    URL: https://vitamindforall.org/letter.html (10.03.2021)
  • Académie nationale de Médecine (2020):
    Communiqué de l’Académie nationale de Médecine: Vitamine D et Covid-19. URL: http://www.academie-medecine.fr/communique-de-lacademie-nationale-de-medecine-vitamine-d-et-covid-19/(21.10.2020)
  • eu (2021): Online-Zugriff auf Verdachtsfallmeldungen über Nebenwirkungen. Europäische Datenbank gemeldeter Verdachtsfälle von Arzneimittelnebenwirkungen.
    URL: https://www.adrreports.eu/de/ (04.10.2021)
  • Afrin LB, Weinstock LB, Molderings GJ (2020a):
    Covid-19 hyperinflammation and post-Covid-19 illness may be rooted in mast cell activation syndrome. Int J Infect Dis. 2020; 100:327-332. DOI: 1016/j.ijid.2020.09.016
  • Afrin LB, Ackerley MB, Bluestein LS, et al. (2020b):
    Diagnosis of mast cell activation syndrome: a global „consensus-2“. Diagnosis (Berl). 2020;8(2):137-152. Published 2020 Apr 22. DOI: 1515/dx-2020-0005
  • AGS Workgroup on Vitamin D Supplementation for Older Adults (2014):
    Recommendations abstracted from the American Geriatrics Society Consensus Statement on vitamin D for Prevention of Falls and Their Consequences. J Am Geriatr Soc; 62(1): 147-152. DOI: 1111/jgs.12631
  • Ahmad A, Heumann C, Ali R, Oliver T (2021):
    Mean Vitamin D levels in 19 European Countries & COVID-19 Mortality over 10 months. medRxiv 2021.03.11.21253361; DOI: 1101/2021.03.11.21253361
  • Al-Aly Z, Xie Y, Bowe B (2021):
    High-dimensional characterization of post-acute sequelae of COVID-19. Nature. 2021;594(7862):259-264. DOI: 1038/s41586-021-03553-9
  • Alnori H, Alassaf FA, Alfahad M, Qazzaz ME, Jasim M, Abed MN (2020):
    Vitamin D and Immunoglobulin E Status in Allergic Rhinitis Patients Compared to Healthy People. J Med Life. 2020;13(4):463-468. DOI: 25122/jml-2020-0015
  • Aloia JF, Li-Ng M (2007):
    Re: epidemic influenza and vitamin D. Epidemiol Infect; 135(7): 1095-1096. DOI: 1017/S0950268807008308
  • American Geriatrics Society Workgroup on Vitamin D Supplementation for Older Adults (2014):
    Recommendations abstracted from the American Geriatrics Society Consensus Statement on vitamin D for Prevention of Falls and Their Consequences. J Am Geriatr Soc; 62(1): 147-152. DOI: 1111/jgs.12631
  • Anastasi E, Ialongo C, Labriola R, Ferraguti G, Lucarelli M, Angeloni A (2020):
    Vitamin K deficiency and covid-19. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2020; 80(7):525-527. DOI: 1080/00365513.2020.1805122
  • Anbound (2020):
    ‘Polluted Air’ Could Be An Important Cause Of Wuhan Pneumonia – OpEd. Eurasia Review, 01.02.2020. URL: https://www.eurasiareview.com/01022020-polluted-air-could-be-an-important-cause-of-wuhan-pneumonia-oped/ (02.03.2020)
  • Annweiler C, Hanotte B, Grandin de l’Eprevier C, Sabatier JM, Lafaie L, Célarier T (2020):
    Vitamin D and survival in COVID-19 patients: A quasi-experimental study. The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology, 204, 105771. DOI: 1016/j.jsbmb.2020.105771
  • APM Research Lab Staff (2020):
    The color of coronavirus: COVID-19 deaths by race and ethnicity in the U.S. 05.03.2021. URL: https://www.apmresearchlab.org/covid/deaths-by-race (05.05.2020)
  • Aponte R, Palacios C (2017):
    Vitamin D for prevention of respiratory tract infections. WHO, Juni 2017. URL: https://www.who.int/elena/titles/commentary/vitamind_pneumonia_children/en/ (02.03.2020)
  • Arreola R, Quintero-Fabián S, López-Roa RI, Flores-Gutiérrez EO, Reyes-Grajeda JP, Carrera-Quintanar L, Ortuño-Sahagún D (2015):
    Immunomodulation and anti-inflammatory effects of garlic compounds. J Immunol Res; 2015: 401630. DOI: 1155/2015/401630
  • Arthur JR, McKenzie RC, Beckett GJ (2003):
    Selenium in the immune system. J Nutr; 133(5 Suppl 1): 1457S-1459S. DOI: 1093/jn/133.5.1457S
  • Ärzteblatt (2020):
    COVID-19 bei Mehrzahl der Betroffenen auch die Todesursache. nec/aerzteblatt.de, 20.08.2020. URL: https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/115799/COVID-19-bei-Mehrzahl-der-Betroffenen-auch-die-Todesursache (11.09.2020)
  • Ärzteblatt (2021):
    WHO: Alle Thesen zum Coronavirus-Ursprung werden verfolgt. dpa/aerzteblatt.de, 30.3.2021. URL: https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/122559/WHO-Alle-Thesen-zum-Coronavirus-Ursprung-werden-verfolgt (20.07.2021)
  • Bader M (2020):
    ACE2 – the hijacked all-rounder. Der Nephrologe. DOI: 1007/s11560-020-00448-0
  • Bae S, Kim MC, Kim JY, et al. (2020a):
    Effectiveness of surgical and cotton masks in blocking SARS-CoV-2: a controlled comparison in 4 patients. Ann Intern Med. 6 April 2020. [Epub ahead of print]. DOI: 7326/M20-1342. Retracted
  • Bae S, Kim MC, Kim JY, et al. (2020b):
    Notice of Retraction: Effectiveness of Surgical and Cotton Masks in Blocking SARS-CoV-2. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Jun 2: L20-0745. Published online 2020 Jun 2. DOI: 7326/L20-0745
  • Baker B, Clark N, Boyan B, Schwartz Z, Ryan J (2015):
    The role of 1a,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in IgE-mediated mast cell activation (HYP4P.313). J Immunol May 1, 2015, 194 (1 Supplement) 123.12;
  • Barda N, Dagan N, Ben-Shlomo Y, et al. (2021):
    Safety of the BNT162b2 mRNA Covid-19 Vaccine in a Nationwide Setting. N Engl J Med 2021; 385:1078-1090. DOI: 1056/NEJMoa2110475
  • Bar-On YM, Flamholz A, Phillips R, Milo R (2020):
    SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) by the numbers. eLife; 9: e57309. DOI: 7554/eLife.57309
  • BBC (2020):
    COVID: Free Vitamin D pills for 2.5 million vulnerable in England. BBC, 28.11.2020. URL: https://www.bbc.com/news/health-55108613 (10.03.2021)
  • Beck MA (2007):
    Selenium and Vitamin E Status: Impact on Viral Pathogenicity. Nutr. 137: 1338-140. DOI: 10.1093/jn/137.5.1338
  • Beigel L (2020):
    Aerosolforscher: „Wir müssen ein ganz anderes Lüftungsverhalten entwickeln“. RND, 18.08.2020. URL: https://www.rnd.de/gesundheit/aerosolforscher-uber-corona-wie-wird-bei-aerosolen-geluftet-warum-sind-sie-gefahrlich-wie-vermeiden-wir-die-verbreitung-SRHS7GF5PVHVVOBSRQVULWVIQE.html (18.08.2020)
  • Belkaid Y, Hand TW (2014):
    Role of the microbiota in immunity and inflammation. Cell; 157(1): 121-141. DOI: 1016/j.cell.2014.03.011
  • Bellinger FP, Raman AV, Reeves MA, Berry MJ (2009):
    Regulation and function of selenoproteins in human disease. Biochem J. 422: 11-22. DOI: 1042/BJ20090219
  • Bergman P, Lindh ÅU, Björkhem-Bergman L, Lindh JD (2013):
    Vitamin D and Respiratory Tract Infections: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. PLOS One; 8(6): e65835. DOI: 1371/journal.pone.0065835
  • BfR (Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung) (2004): Verwendung von Vitaminen in Lebensmitteln – Toxikologische und ernährungsphysiologische Aspekte, Teil I. BfR-Wissenschaft 03/2004, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-931675-87-4.
  • Bhakdi S, Reiß K (2020):
    Corona Fehlalarm? Zahlen, Daten und Hintergründe. Auflage. Goldegg Verlag, Berlin, Wien, ISBN 978-3-99060-191-4, S. 147.
  • Biesalski HK (2020):
    Vitamin D deficiency and co-morbidities in COVID-19 patients–A fatal relationship? NFS Journal; 20: 10-21. DOI: 1016/j.nfs.2020.06.001
  • Biesalski HK, Bischoff SC, Pirlich M, Weimann A (Hrsg.) (2017):
    Ernährungsmedizin. 5., vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage. Stuttgart: Thieme. DOI: 1055/b-004-132260
  • Bischoff HA, Stahelin HB, Urscheler N, Ehrsam R, Vonthein R, Perrig-Chiello P, Tyndall A, Theiler R (1999):
    Muscle strength in the elderly: its relation to vitamin D metabolites. Arch Phys Med Rehabil; 80(1): 54-58. DOI: 1016/s0003-9993(99)90307-6
  • Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Dawson-Hughes B, Staehelin HB, et al. (2009a):
    Fall prevention with supplemental and active forms of vitamin D: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ; 339: b3692. DOI: 1136/bmj.b3692
  • Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Willett WC, Wong JB, et al. (2009b):
    Prevention of nonvertebral fractures with oral vitamin D and dose dependency: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern Med; 169(6): 551-561. DOI: 1001/archinternmed.2008.600
  • Bjelakovic G, Gluud LL, Nikolova D, et al. (2014):
    Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of mortality in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.; (1): CD007470. DOI: 1002/14651858.CD007470.pub3
  • Blasius H (2020):
    Diagnose von COVID-19 ohne Test in der Praxis kaum möglich. Deutsche Apotheker Zeitung, 17.07.2020. URL: https://www.deutsche-apotheker-zeitung.de/news/artikel/2020/07/17/diagnose-von-covid-19-ohne-test-in-der-praxis-kaum-moeglich/chapter:2 (27.08.2020)
  • Booth SL (2012):
    Vitamin K: food composition and dietary intakes. Food Nutr Res; 56. DOI: 3402/fnr.v56i0.5505
  • Boucher BJ (2020):
    Why do so many trials of vitamin D supplementation fail?. Endocr Connect. 2020;9(9): R195-R206. DOI: 1530/EC-20-0274
  • Brenner H (2021):
    Vitamin D Supplementation to Prevent COVID-19 Infections and Deaths-Accumulating Evidence from Epidemiological and Intervention Studies Calls for Immediate Action. Nutrients; 13(2):411. Published 2021 Jan 28. DOI: 3390/nu13020411
  • Brenner H, Holleczek B, Schöttker B (2020):
    Vitamin D Insufficiency and Deficiency and Mortality from Respiratory Diseases in a Cohort of Older Adults: Potential for Limiting the Death Toll during and beyond the COVID-19 Pandemic? Nutrients; 12: 2488. DOI: 3390/nu12082488
  • Briggs R, McCarroll K, O’Halloran A, Healy M, Kenny RA, Laird E (2018):
    Vitamin D Deficiency Is Associated With an Increased Likelihood of Incident Depression in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. J Am Med Dir Assoc. DOI: 1016/j.jamda.2018.10.006
  • Brown KH, Peerson JM, Baker SK, Hess SY (2009):
    Preventive zinc supplementation among infants, preschoolers, and older prepubertal children. Food Nutr Bull; 30(1 Suppl): S12-40. DOI: 1177/15648265090301S103
  • Bryant A, Lawrie TA, Dowswell T, et al. (2021):
    Ivermectin for Prevention and Treatment of COVID-19 Infection: A Systematic Review, Meta-analysis, and Trial Sequential Analysis to Inform Clinical Guidelines. Am J Ther. 2021;28(4):e434-e460. Published 2021 Jun 21. DOI: 1097/MJT.0000000000001402
  • Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung (BfR) (2004): Verwendung von Vitaminen in Lebensmitteln – Toxikologische und ernährungsphysiologische Aspekte, Teil I. BfR-Wissenschaft 03/2004, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-931675-87-4
  • Busby M (2020):
    Covid: UK government requests guidance on vitamin D use. The Guardian, 14.11.2020.
    URL: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/nov/14/covid-uk-government-requests-guidance-on-vitamin-d-use (17.11.2020)
  • BzgA (2021):
    Mutationen: Neue Virusvarianten von SARS-CoV-2.
    URL: https://www.infektionsschutz.de/coronavirus/basisinformationen/mutation-des-coronavirus-sars-cov-2.html (19.07.2021)
  • Calder PC (2021):
    Nutrition and immunity: lessons for COVID-19. Nutr Diabetes; 11(1): 19. DOI: 1038/s41387-021-00165-0
  • Calder PC, Carr AC, Gombart AF, Eggersdorfer M (2020):
    Optimal Nutritional Status for a Well-Functioning Immune System Is an Important Factor to Protect against Viral Infections. Nutrients. 2020;12(4):1181. Published 2020 Apr 23. DOI: 3390/nu12041181
  • Calton EK, Keane KN, Newsholme P, Soares MJ (2015):
    The Impact of Vitamin D Levels on Inflammatory Status: A Systematic Review of Immune Cell Studies. PLOS One; 10(11): e0141770. DOI: 1371/journal.pone.0141770
  • Cantorna MT, Snyder L, Arora J (2019):
    Vitamin A and vitamin D regulate the microbial complexity, barrier function, and the mucosal immune responses to ensure intestinal homeostasis. Crit Rev Biochem Mol Biol;54(2):184-192. DOI: 1080/10409238.2019.1611734
  • Carfì A, Bernabei R, Landi F, for the Gemelli Against COVID-19 Post-Acute Care Study Group (2020):
    Persistent Symptoms in Patients After Acute COVID-19. JAMA; 324(6): 603–605. DOI: 1001/jama.2020.12603
  • Carnauba RA, Baptistella AB, Paschoal V, Hübscher GH (2017):
    Diet-Induced Low-Grade Metabolic Acidosis and Clinical Outcomes: A Review. Nutrients; 9(6):538.  DOI: 3390/nu9060538
  • Carr AC, Maggini S (2017):
    Vitamin C and Immune Function. Nutrients; 9(11). pii: E1211. DOI: 3390/nu9111211
  • Carus F (2010):
    UN urges global move to meat and dairy-free diet. Lesser consumption of animal products is necessary to save the world from the worst impacts of climate change, UN report says. The Guardian, 02.06.2010. URL: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2010/jun/02/un-report-meat-free-diet (06.09.2013)
  • CDC (2021):
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 22.02.2021.
    URL: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/symptoms.html (19.07.2021)
  • Cereceda R (2021):
    COVID-19 is a vascular disease not a respiratory one, says study Access to the comments. Euronews, 5.6.2021. URL: https://www.euronews.com/2021/05/06/covid-19-is-a-vascular-disease-not-a-respiratory-one-says-study (5.8.2021)
  • Chan JF-W, Yuan S, Zhang AJ et al. (2020):
    Surgical Mask Partition Reduces the Risk of Noncontact Transmission in a Golden Syrian Hamster Model for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), Clinical Infectious Diseases, ciaa644, DOI: 1093/cid/ciaa644
  • Chang JS, Wang KC, Yeh CF, Shieh DE, Chiang LC (2013):
    Fresh ginger (Zingiber officinale) has anti-viral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus in human respiratory tract cell lines. J Ethnopharmacol; 145(1): 146-151. DOI: 1016/j.jep.2012.10.043
  • Charoenngam N, Holick MF (2020):
    Immunologic Effects of Vitamin D on Human Health and Disease. Nutrients. 2020;12(7):2097. Published 2020 Jul 15. DOI: 3390/nu12072097
  • Chen L, Liu HG, Liu W, et al. (2020a): [Analysis of clinical features of 29 patients with 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia]. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi [Chinese journal of tuberculosis and respiratory diseases]. 2020;43(3):203-208. DOI: 3760/cma.j.issn.1001-0939.2020.03.013
  • Chen D, Li X, Song Q, et al. (2020b): Assessment of Hypokalemia and Clinical Characteristics in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wenzhou, China. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2011122. Published 2020 Jun 1. DOI: 1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11122
  • Cheng VC-C, Wong S-C, Chuang VW-M et al. (2020):
    The role of community-wide wearing of face mask for control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic due to SARS-CoV-2. J Infect 2020; 81 (1): 107-14. DOI: 1016/j.jinf.2020.04.024
  • Chu W (2021):
    UK Prime minister urged, ‘Look to Andalusia’s vitamin D use in tackling COVID-19’. 09.02.2021. URL: https://www.nutraingredients.com/Article/2021/02/08/UK-PM-urged-Look-to-Andalusia-s-vit-D-use-for-COVID-19 (10.03.2021)
  • Chu DK, Akl EA , Duda S , Solo K , Yaacoub S , Schünemann HJ, et al. (2020):
    Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet; S0140673620311429. DOI: 1016/S0140-6736(20)31142-9
  • Chung MK, Karnik S, Saef J, et al. (2020):
    SARS-CoV-2 and ACE2: The biology and clinical data settling the ARB and ACEI controversy. EBioMedicine. 58:102907. DOI: 1016/j.ebiom.2020.102907
  • Cohen J (2020):
    Not wearing masks to protect against coronavirus is a ‘big mistake,’ top Chinese scientist says. Science, 27.03.2020. URL: https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/03/not-wearing-masks-protect-against-coronavirus-big-mistake-top-chinese-scientist-says (07.09.2020).
  • Collaborators GBDRF (2018):
    Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet; 392(10159): 1923-1994. DOI: 1016/S0140-6736(18)32225-6
  • Confino-Cohen R, Brufman I, Goldberg A, Feldman BS (2014):
    Vitamin D, asthma prevalence and asthma exacerbations: a large adult population-based study. 2014;69(12):1673-1680. DOI: 10.1111/all.12508
  • Consejería de Salud y Familias (2020):
    Salud tratará con Calcifediol a ancianos en residencias para atenuar los efectos del Covid. Junta de Andalucía, 10.11.2020. URL: https://www.juntadeandalucia.es/organismos/saludyfamilias/servicios/actualidad/noticias/detalle/246349.html (04.08.2021)
  • Crook H, Raza S, Nowell J, Young M, Edison P (2021):
    Long covid-mechanisms, risk factors, and management [published correction appears in BMJ. 2021 Aug 3; 374:n1944]. BMJ. 2021; 374:n1648. Published 2021 Jul 26. DOI: 1136/bmj.n1648
  • D’Avolio A, Avataneo V, Manca A, Cusato J, De Nicolò A, Lucchini R, Keller F, Cantù M (2020):
    25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations Are Lower in Patients with Positive PCR for SARS-CoV-2. Nutrients; 12(5). pii: E1359. DOI: 3390/nu12051359
  • d’Ettorre G, Ceccarelli G, Marazzato M, et al. (2020):
    Challenges in the Management of SARS-CoV2 Infection: The Role of Oral Bacteriotherapy as Complementary Therapeutic Strategy to Avoid the Progression of COVID-19. Front. Med. 7: 389. DOI: 3389/fmed.2020.00389
  • Dancer RCA, Parekh D, Lax S, et al. (2015):
    Vitamin D deficiency contributes directly to the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Thorax; 70(7): 617-624. DOI: 1136/thoraxjnl-2014-206680
  • Daneshkhah A, Agrawal V, Eshein A, Subramanian H, Roy HK, Backman V (2020):
    The Possible Role of Vitamin D in Suppressing Cytokine Storm and Associated Mortality in COVID-19 Patients. MedRxiv; DOI: 1101/2020.04.08.20058578
  • Del Valle DM, Kim-Schulze S, Huang H-H et al. (2020):
    An inflammatory cytokine signature predicts COVID-19 severity and survival. Nat Med. 2020;26(10):1636-1643. DOI: 1038/s41591-020-1051-9
  • Derosa G, Maffioli P, D’Angelo A, Di Pierro F (2020):
    3A role for quercetin in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Phytotherapy Research 35(7). DOI: 1002/ptr.6887
  • Desai AP, Dirajlal-Fargo S, Durieux JC et al. (2021):
    Vitamin K & D Deficiency Are Independently Associated With Covid-19 Disease Severity, Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 2021; ofab408, https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofab408
  • Di Filippo L, Formenti AM, Rovere-Querini P, et al. (2020):
    Hypocalcemia is highly prevalent and predicts hospitalization in patients with COVID-19. Endocrine; 68(3):475-478. DOI: 1007/s12020-020-02383-5
  • Di Pierro F, Derosa G, Maffioli P, et al. (2021a):
    Possible Therapeutic Effects of Adjuvant Quercetin Supplementation Against Early-Stage COVID-19 Infection: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled, and Open-Label Study. Int J Gen Med. 2021; 14:2359-2366. Published 2021 Jun 8. DOI: 2147/IJGM.S318720
  • Di Pierro F, Iqtadar S, Khan A, et al. (2021b):
    Potential Clinical Benefits of Quercetin in the Early Stage of COVID-19: Results of a Second, Pilot, Randomized, Controlled and Open-Label Clinical Trial. Int J Gen Med. 2021; 14:2807-2816. Published 2021 Jun 24. DOI: 2147/IJGM.S318949
  • Di Pierro F, Khan A, Bertuccioli A, et al. (2021c):
    Quercetin Phytosome® as a potential candidate for managing COVID-19. Minerva Gastroenterol (Torino). 2021;67(2):190-195. DOI: 23736/S1121-421X.20.02771-3
  • Diekmann R (2010):
    Nutritional situation and functionality in nursing home residents – Results of a 12-month follow-up study. Dissertation Universität Bonn
  • Dofferhoff ASM, Piscaer I, Schurgers LJ et al. (2020):
    Reduced Vitamin K Status as a Potentially Modifiable Prognostic Risk Factor in COVID-19. Clinical Infectious Diseases, ciaa1258, DOI: 1093/cid/ciaa1258
  • Durisin M, Rembert E, Freitas T (2020):
    A Tenth of the World Could Go Hungry While Crops Rot in Fields. Bloomberg, 31.08.2020. URL: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2020-08-31/hunger-is-threatening-to-kill-more-people-than-covid-this-year (07.09.2020)
  • Dyer O (2021):
    Covid-19: Unvaccinated face 11 times risk of death from delta variant, CDC data show. BMJ. 2021; 374:n2282. Published 2021 Sep 16. DOI: 1136/bmj.n2282
  • Ebhardt T, Bertacche M (2020):
    Italy Says 96% of Virus Fatalities Suffered From Other Illnesses. Bloomberg, 26.05.2020. URL: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-05-26/italy-says-96-of-virus-fatalities-suffered-from-other-illnesses (21.10.2020)
  • EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) (2012):
    Scientific Opinion on the Tolerable Upper Intake Level of vitamin D. EFSA Journal; 10(7): 2813. URL: https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.2903/j.efsa.2012.2813 (30.09.2021)
  • Entrenas Castillo M, Entrenas Costa LM, Vaquero Barrios JM, et al. (2020):
    Effect of calcifediol treatment and best available therapy versus best available therapy on intensive care unit admission and mortality among patients hospitalized for COVID-19: A pilot randomized clinical study. The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology, 203, 105751. DOI: 1016/j.jsbmb.2020.105751
  • Eppinger U (2021):
    Was Forschende über Long-Covid wissen: Symptome, Häufigkeit, Risikofaktoren und Therapien. Coliquio, 27.8.2021. URL: https://www.coliquio.de/wissen/covid-19-klinik-100/teil1-forscher-long-covid-grosser-ueberblick-100 (01.09.2021)
  • Esposito S, Principi N, Leung CC, Migliori GB (2020):
    Universal use of face masks for success against COVID-19: evidence and implications for prevention policies. European Respiratory Journal; 55: 2001260. DOI: 1183/13993003.01260-2020
  • Eyles DW, Trzaskowski M, Vinkhuyzen AAE, et al. (2018):
    The association between neonatal vitamin D status and risk of schizophrenia. Sci Rep. 2018;8(1):17692. Published 2018 Dec 6. DOI: 1038/s41598-018-35418-z
  • Fachgruppe COVRIIN (2021):
    Medikamentöse Therapie bei COVID-19 mit Bewertung durch die Fachgruppe COVRIIN am Robert Koch-Institut. Robert-Koch-Institut, 05.10.2021. URL: https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/InfAZ/N/Neuartiges_Coronavirus/COVRIIN_Dok/Therapieuebersicht.pdf?__blob=publicationFile (06.09.2021)
  • FLCCC Alliance (2020):
    I-MASK Protokoll, Version 11, 30.6.2021. URL: https://covid19criticalcare.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/FLCCC_Alliance-I-MASKplus-Protocol-DEUTSCH.pdf (02.09.2021)
  • Forrest KYZ, Stuhldreher WL (2011):
    Prevalence and correlates of vitamin D deficiency in US adults. Nutrition Research; 31 (1): 48-54. DOI: 1016/j.nutres.2010.12.001
  • Frassetto LA, Morris RC Jr, Sebastian A (1996):
    Effect of age on blood acid-base composition in adult humans: role of age-related renal functional decline. Am J Physiol; 271(6 Pt 2): F1114-F1122. DOI: 1152/ajprenal.1996.271.6.F1114
  • Friedrich M, Reichert K, Woeste A, Polack S, Fischer D, Hoellen F, Rody A, Koster F, Thill M (2018):
    Effects of Combined Treatment with Vitamin D and COX2 Inhibitors on Breast Cancer Cell Lines. Anticancer Res; 38(2): 1201-1207. DOI: 21873/anticanres.12340
  • Gale J (2020):
    How Do People Catch Covid-19? Here’s What Experts Say: QuickTake. Bloomberg, 21.02.2020. URL: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-02-21/how-the-novel-coronavirus-can-maybe-infect-you-quicktake (23.09.2020)
  • Gale J (2021):
    Delayed Wuhan Report Adds Crucial Detail to Covid Origin Puzzle. A study documenting the trade in live wild animals at Wuhan wet markets stayed unpublished for more than a year. Bloomberg, 17.08.2021. URL: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2021-08-17/where-did-covid-come-from-report-on-infected-wuhan-wild-animals-sheds-new-light (26.08.2021)
  • Gandhi M, Rutherford GW (2020):
    Facial Masking for Covid-19 — Potential for “Variolation” as We Await a Vaccine. The New England Journal of Medicine, September 8, 2020. DOI: 1056/NEJMp2026913
  • Garvin MR, Alvarez C, Miller JI, et al. (2020):
    A mechanistic model and therapeutic interventions for COVID-19 involving a RAS-mediated bradykinin storm. eLife 2020;9:e59177. DOI: 7554/eLife.59177
  • GBD 2016 Lower Respiratory Infections Collaborators (2018):
    Estimates of the global, regional, and national morbidity, mortality, and aetiologies of lower respiratory infections in 195 countries, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet Infect Dis; 18(11): 1191-1210. DOI: 1016/S1473-3099(18)30310-4
  • GBD 2017 Causes of Death Collaborators (2018):
    Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for 282 causes of death in 195 countries and territories, 1980-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet; 392(10159): 1736-1788. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32203-7
  • Gibson A, Edgar JD, Neville CE, et al. (2012):
    Effect of fruit and vegetable consumption on immune function in older people: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012;96(6):1429-1436. DOI: 3945/ajcn.112.039057
  • Girvan G, Roy A (2020):
    Nursing Homes & Assisted Living Facilities Account for 38% of COVID-19 Deaths. The Foundation for Research on Equal Opportunity (FREOPP), 07.05.2020. URL: https://freopp.org/the-covid-19-nursing-home-crisis-by-the-numbers-3a47433c3f70(20.07.2021)
  • Gitau G (2021):
    Blood Clot Risk Much Higher From Covid-19 Than With Vaccines. Bloomberg, 27.08.2021. URL: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-08-26/blood-clot-risk-much-higher-from-covid-19-than-with-vaccines (08.09.2021)
  • Goddek S (2020):
    Vitamin D3 and K2 and their potential contribution to reducing the COVID-19 mortality rate. International Journal of Infectious Diseases; 99: 286-290. DOI: 1016/j.ijid.2020.07.080
  • Goel RR, Painter MM, Apostolidis SA, et al. (2021):
    mRNA Vaccination Induces Durable Immune Memory to SARS-CoV-2 with Continued Evolution to Variants of Concern. bioRxiv. 2021; 2021.08.23.457229. Published 2021 Aug 23. DOI: 10.1101/2021.08.23.457229
  • Götze S (2020a):
    Studie zu Aerosol-Viruswolken – Dicke Luft im Restaurant. Spiegel Wissenschaft, 15.05.2020. URL: https://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/medizin/covid-19-belastete-troepfchen-machen-geschlossene-raeume-zu-infektionsherden-a-7522885d-7553-4acc-ac5d-ac603552ed06 (18.08.2020)
  • Götze S (2020b):
    Aerosol-Forschung – Wissenschaftler finden erstmals infektiöse Coronaviren in der Luft. Spiegel Wissenschaft, 12.08.2020. URL: https://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/mensch/coronavirus-forscher-finden-erstmals-infektioese-viren-in-der-luft-a-dc414f6b-870a-4137-875d-cd125f0806b3 (18.08.2020)
  • Granchi D, Caudarella R, Ripamonti C, Spinnato P, Bazzocchi A, Massa A, Baldini N (2018):
    Potassium Citrate Supplementation Decreases the Biochemical Markers of Bone Loss in a Group of Osteopenic Women: The Results of a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study. Nutrients; 10(9):1293. DOI: 3390/nu10091293
  • Grant WB, Lahore H, McDonnell SL, Baggerly CA, French CB, Aliano JL, Bhattoa HP (2020):
    Evidence that Vitamin D Supplementation Could Reduce Risk of Influenza and COVID-19 Infections and Deaths. Nutrients; 12(4): E988. DOI: 3390/nu12040988
  • Greger M (2020):
    What to Do if You Come Down with COVID-19. Nutritionfacts.org, 13.07.2020. URL: https://nutritionfacts.org/video/what-to-do-if-you-come-down-with-covid-19/ (27.08.2020)
  • Gregson FKA, Watson NA, Orton CM et al. (2021):
    Comparing Aerosol Concentrations and Particle Size Distributions Generated by Singing, Speaking and Breathing. Aerosol Science and Technology 55(6). DOI:1080/02786826.2021.1883544
  • Gretler C und Lacqua F (2021):
    WHO’s Chief Scientist Warns the Pandemic Isn’t Slowing Down. Bloomberg, 09.07.2021. URL: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-07-09/who-s-chief-scientist-warns-the-pandemic-isn-t-slowing-down (10.07.2021)
  • Gröber U (2019):
    Vitamin A (Retinol). Zeitschrift für Orthomolekulare Medizin 2019; 17(02): 44-49. DOI: 10.1055/a-0920-2443
  • Gröber U, Holick MF (2021):
    The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) – A supportive approach with selected micronutrients [published online ahead of print, 2021 Jan 25]. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2021;1-22. DOI: 1024/0300-9831/a000693
  • Gröber U, Holzhauer P, Kisters K (2020):
    Immunrelevante Mikronährstoffe bei viralen Atemwegsinfektionen. DZO; 52: 51-56. DOI: 1055/a-1162-2469
  • Gröber U, Spitz J, Holick MF, Wacker M, Kisters K (2013):
    Vitamin D: Update 2013: Von der Rachitis-Prophylaxe zur allgemeinen Gesundheitsvorsorge. Deutsche Apotheker Zeitung; 153(15): 1518-1526.
    URL: https://www.deutsche-apotheker-zeitung.de/daz-az/2013/daz-15-2013/von-der-rachitis-prophylaxe-zur-allgemeinen-gesundheitsvorsorge (30.09.2021)
  • Gutenberg COVID-19 Studie (2021):
    Aktuelle Ergebnisse, Präsentation Staatskanzlei RLP vom 7. Juli 2021. Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz. URL: https://www.unimedizin-mainz.de/GCS/dashboard/#/ (20.07.2021)
  • Haase H, Rink L (2009):
    The immune system and the impact of zinc during aging. Immun Ageing. 2009; 6:9. Published 2009 Jun 12. DOI: 1186/1742-4933-6-9
  • Hafezi B, Chan L, Knapp JP, et al. (2021):
    Cytokine Storm Syndrome in SARS-CoV-2 Infections: A Functional Role of Mast Cells. Cells. 2021;10(7):1761. Published 2021 Jul 12. DOI: 3390/cells10071761
  • Haidari M, Ali M, Ward Casscells S 3rd, Madjid M (2009):
    Pomegranate (Punica granatum) purified polyphenol extract inhibits influenza virus and has a synergistic effect with oseltamivir. Phytomedicine; 16(12): 1127-1136. DOI: 1016/j.phymed.2009.06.002
  • Halder M, Petsophonsakul P, Akbulut AC, et al. (2019):
    Vitamin K: Double Bonds beyond Coagulation Insights into Differences between Vitamin K1 and K2 in Health and Disease. Int J Mol Sci; 20(4):896. DOI: 3390/ijms20040896
  • Hampshire A, Trender W, Chamberlain SR, et al. (2021):
    Cognitive deficits in people who have recovered from COVID-19. EClinicalMedicine. 2021; 39: 101044. DOI: 1016/j.eclinm.2021.101044.
  • Han JE, Jones JL, Tangpricha V, Brown MA, Brown LAS, Hao L, Hebbar G, Lee MJ, Liu S, Ziegler TR, Martin GS (2016):
    High Dose Vitamin D Administration in Ventilated Intensive Care Unit Patients: A Pilot Double Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. J Clin Transl Endocrinol; 4: 59-65. DOI: 1016/j.jcte.2016.04.004
  • Hancocks N (2020):
    COVID-19: Scientists raise the vitamin D alarm. 10.2020.
    URL: https://www.nutraingredients.com/Article/2020/10/01/COVID-19-Scientists-raise-the-vitamin-D-alarm (06.10.2020)
  • Hastie CE, Mackay DF, Ho F, et al. (2020):
    Vitamin D concentrations and COVID-19 infection in UK Biobank [published correction appears in Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020 Sep – Oct;14(5):1315-1316]. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2020; 14(4):561-565. DOI: 1016/j.dsx.2020.04.050
  • Hattangdi-Haridas SR, Lanham-New SA, Wong WHS, Ho MHK, Darling AL (2019):
    Vitamin D Deficiency and Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation on Disease Severity in Patients with Atopic Dermatitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis in Adults and Children. Nutrients. 2019;11(8):1854. Published 2019 Aug 9. DOI: 3390/nu11081854
  • Heaney RP, Armas LA, Shary JR, Bell NH, Binkley N, Hollis BW (2008):
    25-Hydroxylation of vitamin D3: relation to circulating vitamin D3 under various input conditions. Am J Clin Nutr; 87(6):1738-1742. DOI: 1093/ajcn/87.6.1738
  • Hedayati MA (2020):
    Ambient Temperature Interferes with COVID-19. Int J Prev Med; 11: 109. DOI: 4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_204_20
  • Helfrich YR, Kang S, Elalieh HZ, Steinmeyer A, Zügel U, Bikle DD, Modlin RL, Gallo RL. (2007):
    Injury Enhances TLR2 Function and Antimicrobial Peptide Expression Through a Vitamin D Dependent Mechanism. J Clin Invest; 117: 803-811. DOI: 1172/JCI30142
  • Herzog A (2021):
    Das lange Leiden beim Long-COVID-Syndrom – Diagnostik, konventionelle und komplementäre Therapie. Die Naturheilkunde 2021 (3): 37-39.
  • Hippisley-Cox J, Patone M, Mei XW, et al. (2021):
    Risk of thrombocytopenia and thromboembolism after covid-19 vaccination and SARS-CoV-2 positive testing: self-controlled case series study. BMJ. 2021; 374:n1931. Published 2021 Aug 26. DOI: 1136/bmj.n1931
  • Ho E, Quan N, Tsai YH, Lai W, Bray TM (2001):
    Dietary zinc supplementation inhibits NFkappaB activation and protects against chemically induced diabetes in CD1 mice. Exp Biol Med (Maywood); 226(2): 103-111. DOI: 1177/153537020122600207
  • Hogan Ii RB, Hogan Iii RB, Cannon T, et al. (2020):
    Dual-histamine receptor blockade with cetirizine – famotidine reduces pulmonary symptoms in COVID-19 patients. Pulm Pharmacol Ther. 2020; 63:101942. DOI: 1016/j.pupt.2020.101942
  • Holick MF (2004):
    Vitamin D: importance in the prevention of cancers, type 1 diabetes, heart disease, and osteoporosis. Am J Clin Nutr; 79: 362–371. DOI: 1093/ajcn/79.3.362
  • Holick MF, Binkley NC, Bischoff-Ferrari HA, et al. (2011):
    Evaluation, treatment, and prevention of vitamin D deficiency: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline J Clin Endocrinol Metab; 96(7): 1911–1930 [published correction appears in J Clin Endocrinol Metab; 96(12): 3908]. DOI: 1210/jc.2011-0385
  • Hou Y, Ge S, Li X, Wang C, He H, He L (2021):
    Testing of the inhibitory effects of loratadine and desloratadine on SARS-CoV-2 spike pseudotyped virus viropexis. Chem Biol Interact. 2021; 338:109420. DOI: 1016/j.cbi.2021.109420
  • Huang L, Yao Q, Gu X, et al. (2021):
    1-year outcomes in hospital survivors with COVID-19: a longitudinal cohort study. Lancet. 2021;398(10302):747-758. DOI: 1016/S0140-6736(21)01755-4
  • Hyppönen E, Läärä E, Reunanen A, Järvelin MR, Virtanen SM (2001):
    Intake of vitamin D and risk of type 1 diabetes: a birth-cohort study. Lancet. 2001; 358(9292):1500-1503. DOI: 1016/S0140-6736(01)06580-1
  • IHME (2020):
    New IHME COVID-19 Forecasts See Nearly 300,000 Deaths by December 1. IHME, 06.08.2020. URL: http://www.healthdata.org/news-release/new-ihme-covid-19-forecasts-see-nearly-300000-deaths-december-1 (24.08.2020)
  • Ilie PC, Stefanescu S, Smith L (2020):
    The Role of Vitamin D in the Prevention of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection and Mortality. Aging Clin Exp Res 32, 1195–1198 (2020). DOI: 1007/s40520-020-01570-8
  • Illescas-Montes R, Melguizo-Rodríguez L, Ruiz C, Costela-Ruiz VJ (2019):
    Vitamin D and autoimmune diseases. Life Sci. 2019; 233:116744. DOI: 1016/j.lfs.2019.116744
  • Inserra F, Tajer C, Antonietti L, Mariani J, Ferder L, Manucha W (2021):
    Vitamin D supplementation: An alternative to enhance the effectiveness of vaccines against SARS-CoV-2?. Vaccine. 2021;39(35):4930-4931. DOI: 1016/j.vaccine.2021.07.031
  • International Scientists Panel (2015):
    Scientists’ Call to D*actionThe Vitamin D Deficiency Epidemic. A Consortium of Scientists, Institutions and Individuals Committed to Solving the Worldwide Vitamin D Deficiency Epidemic. GrassrootsHealth, 16.10.2015.
    URL: https://www.grassrootshealth.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/scientists_call-to-daction_121817.pdf?_ga=2.207631826.1732466458.1601989407-54612969.1601989407 (29.09.2021)
  • Ioannidis JPA (2021):
    Infection fatality rate of COVID-19 inferred from seroprevalence data. Bull World Health Organ. 2021;99(1):19-33F. DOI: 2471/BLT.20.265892
  • Jacob LM (2013):
    Jacobs Weg des genussvollen Verzichts: Die effektivsten Maßnahmen zur Prävention und Therapie von Zivilisationskrankheiten. 4. Auflage. Nutricamedia, Heidesheim am Rhein.
  • Jacob M, Feitosa I, Albuquerque U (2020):
    Animal-based food systems are unsafe: SARS-CoV-2 fosters the debate on meat consumption. Public Health Nutrition, 1-16. DOI: 1017/S1368980020002657
  • Jaffe-Hoffman (2020):
    Vitamin D deficiency linked to increased risk for COVID-19. The Health Ministry has been recommending vitamin D since the outbreak of the pandemic. The Jerusalem Post, 13.10.2020. URL: https://www.jpost.com/health-science/vitamin-d-deficiency-linked-to-increased-risk-for-covid-19-645459 (19.07.2021)
  • Janssen R, Visser MPJ, Dofferhoff ASM, Vermeer C, Janssens W, Walk J (2020):
    Vitamin K metabolism as the potential missing link between lung damage and thromboembolism in Coronavirus disease 2019. Br J Nutr. 2021;126(2):191-198. doi: 1017/S0007114520003979
  • Jehle S, Zanetti A, Muser J, Hulter HN, Krapf R (2006):
    Partial neutralization of the acidogenic Western diet with potassium citrate increases bone mass in postmenopausal women with osteopenia. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN; 17(11): 3213-3222. DOI: 1681/ASN.2006030233
  • Jobin K, Stumpf NE, Schwab S, et al. (2020):
    A high-salt diet compromises antibacterial neutrophil responses through hormonal perturbation. Sci Transl Med; 12(536): eaay3850. DOI: 1126/scitranslmed.aay3850
  • Johnson C, Eccles R (2005):
    Acute cooling of the feet and the onset of common cold symptoms. Fam Pract; 22(6): 608-613. DOI: 1093/fampra/cmi072
  • Kahmann L, Uciechowski P, Warmuth S, Plümäkers B, Gressner AM, Malavolta M, Mocchegiani E, Rink L (2008):
    Zinc supplementation in the elderly reduces spontaneous inflammatory cytokine release and restores T cell functions. Rejuvenation Res; 11(1): 227-237. DOI: 1089/rej.2007.0613
  • Kalus U, Grigorov A, Kadecki O, Jansen JP, Kiesewetter H, Radtke H (2009):
    Cistus incanus (CYSTUS052) for treating patients with infection of the upper respiratory tract. A prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled clinical study. Antiviral Res; 84(3): 267-271. DOI: 1016/j.antiviral.2009.10.001  
  • Kang M, Xin H, Yuan J (2021):
    Transmission dynamics and epidemiological characteristics of Delta variant infections in China. medRxiv 2021.08.12.21261991v1. DOI: 1101/2021.08.12.21261991
  • Kaufman HW, Niles JK, Kroll MH, Bi C, Holick MF (2020):
    SARS-CoV-2 positivity rates associated with circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels. PLoS One.15(9): e0239252. DOI: 1371/journal.pone.0239252 .
  • Kazama I (2020):
    Stabilizing mast cells by commonly used drugs: a novel therapeutic target to relieve post-COVID syndrome? Drug Discov Ther. 2020;14(5):259-261. DOI: 5582/ddt.2020.03095
  • Keflie TS, Biesalski HK (2021):
    Micronutrients and bioactive substances: Their potential roles in combating COVID-19. Nutrition; 84: 111103. DOI: 1016/j.nut.2020.111103
  • Kemp A (2021):
    AZD7442 PROVENT Phase III prophylaxis trial met primary endpoint in preventing COVID-19. AstraZeneca, Pressemitteilung vom 20.8.2021.
    URL: https://www.astrazeneca.com/content/astraz/media-centre/press-releases/2021/azd7442-prophylaxis-trial-met-primary-endpoint.html (06.09.2021)
  • Khaerunnisa S, Kurniawan H, Awaluddin R, Suhartati S, Soetjipto S (2020):
    Potential Inhibitor of COVID-19 Main Protease (Mpro) From Several Medicinal Plant Compounds by Molecular Docking Study. Preprints, 2020030226. DOI: 20944/preprints202003.0226.v1
  • Kifer D, Bugada D, Villar-Garcia J, et al. (2021):
    Effects of Environmental Factors on Severity and Mortality of COVID-19. Frontiers in medicine, 7, 607786. DOI: 3389/fmed.2020.607786
  • Kim G, Bae JH (2016):
    Vitamin D and atopic dermatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition. 2016;32(9):913-920. DOI: 1016/j.nut.2016.01.023
  • Kim H, Kim S (2020):
    Starbucks Cafe’s Covid Outbreak Spared Employees Who Wore Masks. Bloomberg, 25.08.2020. URL: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-08-25/this-starbucks-in-south-korea-became-a-beacon-for-mask-wearing (01.09.2020)
  • Kohno R, Cannom DS, Olshansky B, et al. (2021):
    Mast Cell Activation Disorder and Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome: A Clinical Association. J Am Heart Assoc. 2021;10(17):e021002. DOI: 1161/JAHA.121.021002
  • Kron T (2020):
    COVID-19: ein Erinnerungsschreiben für die Unvernünftigen und Nachlässigen, Nature Medicine, 07.08.2020. URL: https://www.univadis.de/viewarticle/covid-19-ein-erinnerungsschreiben-fur-die-unvernunftigen-und-nachlassigen-726768 (13.08.2020)
  • Kubánková M, Hohberger B, Hoffmanns J, et al. (2021):
    Physical phenotype of blood cells is altered in COVID-19. Biophys J. 2021;120(14):2838-2847. DOI: 1016/j.bpj.2021.05.025
  • Langreth R (2021):
    Covid Long-Haulers Baffle Doctors With Symptoms Going On and On. Bloomberg, 25.5.2021. URL: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-05-25/covid-long-haulers-baffle-doctors-with-symptoms-going-on-and-on (05.08.2021)
  • Lee S, Kim T, Lee E, et al. (2020):
    Clinical Course and Molecular Viral Shedding Among Asymptomatic and Symptomatic Patients With SARS-CoV-2 Infection in a Community Treatment Center in the Republic of Korea. JAMA Intern Med. DOI: 1001/jamainternmed.2020.3862
  • Lee S, Yu Y, Trimpert J, et al. (2021):
    Virus-induced senescence is driver and therapeutic target in COVID-19. Nature (2021). DOI: 1038/s41586-021-03995-1
  • Lefevre M, Racedo SM, Ripert G, et al. (2015):
    Probiotic strain Bacillus subtilis CU1 stimulates immune system of elderly during common infectious disease period: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study. Immun Ageing. 2015;12:24. Published 2015 Dec 3. DOI: 1186/s12979-015-0051-y
  • Lei Y, Zhang J, Schiavon CR, et al. (2021):
    SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein Impairs Endothelial Function via Downregulation of ACE 2. Circ Res. 2021;128(9):1323-1326. DOI: 1161/CIRCRESAHA.121.318902
  • Leung NHL, Chu DKW, Shiu EYC, et al. (2020):
    Respiratory virus shedding in exhaled breath and efficacy of face masks [published correction appears in Nat Med. 2020 May 27;:]. Nat Med. 2020;26(5):676-680. DOI: 1038/s41591-020-0843-2
  • Li J, Wang X, Chen J, Zuo X, Zhang H, Deng A (2020):
    COVID-19 infection may cause ketosis and ketoacidosis. Diabetes Obes Metab; 22(10):1935-1941. DOI: 1111/dom.14057
  • Li YC (2011):
    Vitamin D and the Renin-Angiotensin System. In: Vitamin D (Third Edition). Academic Press. Chapter 40, 707-723.
  • Linneberg A, Kampmann FB, Israelsen SB, et al. (2021):
    The Association of Low Vitamin K Status with Mortality in a Cohort of 138 Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19. Nutrients. 2021;13(6):1985. Published 2021 Jun 9. DOI: 3390/nu13061985
  • Liu J, Li S, Liu J, et al. (2020):
    Longitudinal characteristics of lymphocyte responses and cytokine profiles in the peripheral blood of SARS-CoV-2 infected patients. EBioMedicine; 55:102763. DOI: 1016/j.ebiom.2020.102763
  • Liu ZQ, Li XX, Qiu SQ, et al. (2017):
    Vitamin D contributes to mast cell stabilization. Allergy. 2017;72(8):1184-1192. DOI: 1111/all.13110
  • Lopez Bernal J, Andrews N, Gower C, et al. (2021):
    Effectiveness of Covid-19 Vaccines against the B.1.617.2 (Delta) Variant. N Engl J Med 2021; 385: 585-594. DOI: 1056/NEJMoa2108891
  • Loucera C, Peña-Chilet M, Esteban-Medina M, et al. (2021):
    Real world evidence of calcifediol use and mortality rate of COVID-19 hospitalized in a large cohort of 16,401 Andalusian patients. medRxiv 2021.04.27.21255937; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.04.27.21255937
  • Luxwolda MF, Kuipers RS, Kema IP, Dijck-Brouwer DA, Muskiet FA (2012):
    Traditionally living populations in East Africa have a mean serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration of 115 nmol/l. Br J Nutr; 108(9): 1557-1561. DOI: 1017/S0007114511007161  
  • Luxwolda MF, Kuipers RS, Kema IP, van der Veer E, Dijck-Brouwer DA, Muskiet FA (2013):
    Vitamin D status indicators in indigenous populations in East Africa. Eur J Nutr; 52(3): 1115-1125. DOI: 1007/s00394-012-0421-6
  • Mai XM, Chen Y, Camargo CA Jr, Langhammer A (2012):
    Cross-sectional and prospective cohort study of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and obesity in adults: the HUNT study. Am J Epidemiol; 175(10): 1029-1036. DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwr456
  • Malone RW, Tisdall P, Fremont-Smith P, et al. (2021):
    COVID-19: Famotidine, Histamine, Mast Cells, and Mechanisms. Front Pharmacol. 2021;12:633680. Published 2021 Mar 23. DOI: 3389/fphar.2021.633680
  • Martineau AR, Jolliffe DA, Hooper RL, et al. (2017):
    Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory tract infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data. BMJ; 356: i6583. DOI: 1136/bmj.i6583
  • Maurer M, Riesen W, Muser J, Hulter HN, Krapf R (2003):
    Neutralization of Western diet inhibits bone resorption independently of K intake and reduces cortisol secretion in humans. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol; 284(1): F32-F40. DOI: 1152/ajprenal.00212.2002  
  • McClymont, H, & Hu, W (2021):
    Weather Variability and COVID-19 Transmission: A Review of Recent Research. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(2), 396. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020396
  • McDonnell SL, Baggerly C, French CB, et al. (2016):
    Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations >/=40 ng/ml Are Associated with >65% Lower Cancer Risk: Pooled Analysis of Randomized Trial and Prospective Cohort Study. PLoS One; 11(4): e0152441. DOI: 1371/journal.pone.0201078
  • McDonnell SL, Baggerly CA, French CB, et al. (2018):
    Breast cancer risk markedly lower with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations >/=60 vs <20 ng/ml (150 vs 50 nmol/L): Pooled analysis of two randomized trials and a prospective cohort. PLoS One; 13(6): e0199265. DOI: 1371/journal.pone.0199265
  • McKeever A, Greshko M (2021):
    Der Ursprung des Coronavirus – vier mögliche Szenarien. National Geographic, 07.07.2021. URL: https://www.nationalgeographic.de/wissenschaft/2021/07/der-ursprung-des-coronavirus-vier-moegliche-szenarien (20.07.2021)
  • Meltzer DO, Best TJ, Zhang H, Vokes T, Arora V, Solway J (2020):
    Association of Vitamin D Status and Other Clinical Characteristics With COVID-19 Test Results. JAMA Netw Open; 3(9):e2019722. DOI: 1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19722
  • Micke O, Vormann J, Kisters K (2020):
    Magnesium deficiency and COVID-19 – What are the links? Some remarks from the German Society for Magnesium Research e.V. Trace Elements and Electrolytes, Vol. 37 – No. 3/2020 (103-107). URL: https://www.magnesium-ges.de/pdfs/Micke_et_al._2020.pdf (22.12.2020)
  • Mileva M, Galabov AS (2018):
    Vitamin E and Influenza Virus Infection. In: Morales-Gonzalez JA: Vitamin E in Health and Disease. DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.80954
  • Mitze T, Kosfeld R, Rode J, Wälde K (2020):
    Face Masks Considerably Reduce COVID-19 Cases in Germany: A Synthetic Control Method Approach. IZA DP No. 13319. URL: https://ftp.iza.org/dp13319.pdf (06.10.2021)
  • Mocchegiani E, Malavolta M, Muti E, Costarelli L, Cipriano C, Piacenza F, Tesei S, Giacconi R, Lattanzio F (2008):
    Zinc, metallothioneins and longevity: interrelationships with niacin and selenium. Curr Pharm Des. 14: 2719-32. DOI: 2174/138161208786264188
  • Moebus S, Hanisch J, Bramlage P, Lösch C, Hauner H, Wasem J, Jöckel KH (2008):
    Regional unterschiedliche Prävalenz des metabolischen Syndroms. Dtsch Arztebl; 105(12): A207-A213. DOI: 3238/artzebl.2008.0207
  • Moghaddam A, Heller RA, Sun Q et al. (2020):
    Selenium Deficiency Is Associated with Mortality Risk from COVID-19. Nutrients; 12: 2098. DOI: 3390/nu12072098
  • Molderings GJ, Haenisch B, Bogdanow M, Fimmers R, Nöthen MM (2013): Familial occurrence of systemic mast cell activation disease. PLoS One. 2013;8(9):e76241. DOI: 1371/journal.pone.0076241
  • Moriyama M, Hugentobler WJ, Iwasaki A (2020):
    Seasonality of Respiratory Viral Infections. Annu Rev Virol; 7(1): 83-101. DOI: 1146/annurev-virology-012420-022445
  • MPG (2021):
    Unterschiedliche Todesfallraten. Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, 29.03.2021.
    URL: https://www.mpg.de/16647475/covid19-unterschiedliche-todesfallraten (20.07.2021)
  • Murdaca G, Tonacci A, Negrini S, et al. (2019):
    Emerging role of vitamin D in autoimmune diseases: An update on evidence and therapeutic implications. Autoimmun Rev. 2019;18(9):102350. DOI: 1016/j.autrev.2019.102350
  • Musavi H, Abazari O, Barartabar Z, Kalaki-Jouybari F, Hemmati-Dinarvand M, Esmaeili P, Mahjoub S (2020):
    The benefits of Vitamin D in the COVID-19 pandemic: biochemical and immunological mechanisms. Arch Physiol Biochem. 2020 Oct 8:1-9. DOI: 1080/13813455.2020.1826530. Epub ahead of print.
  • Myers A, McComsey G (2021):
    Simplifying the COVID Puzzle: How Two Essential Vitamins Fortify the Immune System – Research Update and Marketplace Opportunities. Präsentation des NBJ Summit, 2021
  • Naaber P, Tserel L, Kangro K, et al. (2021):
    Dynamics of antibody response to BNT162b2 vaccine after six months: a longitudinal prospective study [published online ahead of print, 2021 Sep 6]. Lancet Reg Health Eur. 2021; 100208. DOI: 1016/j.lanepe.2021.100208
  • Nasreen S, Chung H, He S, et al. (2021):
    Effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines against variants of concern in Ontario, Canada. medRxiv 2021.06.28.21259420; DOI: 1101/2021.06.28.21259420
  • National Institutes of Health (2021a):
    Vitamin D. Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. 17.08.2021. URL: https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminD-HealthProfessional/ (06.10.2021).
  • National Institutes of Health (2021b):
    Vitamin E – Fact Sheet for Consumers. 22.03.2021. URL: https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminE-Consumer/ (06.10.2021)
  • Nelson HK, Shi Q, Van Dael P, Schiffrin EJ, Blum S, Barclay D, Levander OA, Beck MA (2001):
    Host nutritional selenium status as a driving force for influenza virus mutations. FASEB J; 15(10): 1846-1848. DOI: 1096/fj.01-0115fje
  • Niedermaier T, Gredner T, Kuznia S, Schöttker B, Mons U, Brenner H (2021):
    Vitamin D supplementation to the older adult population in Germany has the cost-saving potential of preventing almost 30,000 cancer deaths per Mol Oncol. 2021;15(8):1986-1994. DOI: 10.1002/1878-0261.12924
  • Nogués X, Ovejero D, Quesada-Gomez JM, et al. (2021):
    Calcifediol Treatment and COVID-19-Related Outcomes. SSRN, 22.01.2021. URL: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3771318 (07.10.2021)
  • Nordbayern (2021):
    Corona-Mutation. Delta-Variante: Auf diese Symptome müssen Sie achtgeben. 07.2021. URL: https://www.nordbayern.de/panorama/delta-variante-auf-diese-symptome-mussen-sie-achtgeben-1.11155840 (19.07.2021)
  • Nutt (2021):
    More than 71,000 Scots given four months’ free vitamin D. The National, 14.01.2021. URL: https://www.thenational.scot/news/19009358.71-000-scots-given-four-months-free-vitamin-d/ (07.10.2021)
  • O’Kelly E, Pirog S, Ward J, Clarkson PJ (2020):
    Ability of fabric face mask materials to filter ultrafine particles at coughing velocity. BMJ Open 2020; 10:e039424. DOI: 1136/bmjopen-2020-039424
  • Oschatz C, Maas C, Lecher B, et al. (2011):
    Mast cells increase vascular permeability by heparin-initiated bradykinin formation in vivo. Immunity. 2011;34(2):258-268. DOI: 1016/j.immuni.2011.02.008
  • Patel S (2012):
    Rose hips as complementary and alternative medicine: Overview of the present status and prospects. Mediterr J Nutr Metab; DOI: 1007/s12349-012-0118-7
  • Paul-Ehrlich-Institut (2021a):
    Coronavirus und COVID-19. FAQ Coronavirus, Impfstoffe und biomedizinische Arzneimittel, Monoklonale Antikörper.
    URL: https://www.pei.de/DE/newsroom/dossier/coronavirus/coronavirus-inhalt.html?cms_pos=4 (21.09.2021)
  • Paul-Ehrlich-Institut (2021b):
    Verdachtsfälle von Nebenwirkungen und Impfkomplikationen nach Impfung zum Schutz vor COVID-19 seit Beginn der Impfkampagne am 27.12.2020 bis zum 31.07.2021. Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, Langen, 19.08.2021. URL: https://www.pei.de/SharedDocs/Downloads/DE/newsroom/dossiers/sicherheitsberichte/sicherheitsbericht-27-12-bis-31-07-21.pdf?__blob=publicationFile (07.10.2021)
  • Paul-Ehrlich-Institut (2021c):
    Verdachtsfälle von Nebenwirkungen und Impfkomplikationen nach Impfung zum Schutz vor COVID-19 seit Beginn der Impfkampagne am 27.12.2020 bis zum 31.08.2021. Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, Langen, 20.09.2021. URL: https://www.pei.de/SharedDocs/Downloads/DE/newsroom/dossiers/sicherheitsberichte/sicherheitsbericht-27-12-bis-31-08-21.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=5 (07.10.2021)
  • Pawar A, Pal A (2020):
    Molecular and functional resemblance of dexamethasone and quercetin: A paradigm worth exploring in dexamethasone-nonresponsive COVID-19 patients. Phytother Res. 2020;34(12):3085-3088. DOI: 1002/ptr.6886
  • Pereira M, Dantas Damascena A, Galvão Azevedo LM, de Almeida Oliveira T, da Mota Santana J (2020):
    Vitamin D deficiency aggravates COVID-19: systematic review and meta-analysis. [published online ahead of print, 2020 Nov 4]. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2020;1-9. DOI: 1080/10408398.2020.1841090
  • Pojsupap S, Iliriani K, Sampaio TZ, et al. (2015):
    Efficacy of high-dose vitamin D in pediatric asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Asthma. 2015;52(4):382-390. DOI: 3109/02770903.2014.980509
  • Porto CM, Silva VL, da Luz JSB, Filho BM, da Silveira VM (2017):
    Association between vitamin D deficiency and heart failure risk in the elderly. ESC Heart Fail. 2018;5(1):63-74. DOI: 1002/ehf2.12198
  • Prasad AS, Fitzgerald JT, Bao B, Beck FW, Chandrasekar PH (2000):
    Duration of symptoms and plasma cytokine levels in patients with the common cold treated with zinc acetate. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 133(4): 302-3. DOI: 7326/0003-4819-133-4-200008150-00006
  • Puelles VG, Lütgehetmann M, Lindenmeyer MT, Sperhake JP, et al. (2020):
    Multiorgan and Renal Tropism of SARS-CoV-2. N Engl J Med 383; 6. DOI: 1056/NEJMc2011400
  • Qi H, Xiao S, Shi R, et al. (2020):
    COVID-19 transmission in Mainland China is associated with temperature and humidity: A time-series analysis. The Science of the total environment, 728, 138778. DOI: 1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138778
  • Qu C, Fuhler GM, Pan Y (2021):
    Could Histamine H1 Receptor Antagonists Be Used for Treating COVID-19?. Int J Mol Sci. 2021; 22(11):5672. Published 2021 May 26. DOI: 3390/ijms22115672
  • Quesada-Gomez JM, Entrenas-Castillo M, Bouillon R (2020):
    Vitamin D receptor stimulation to reduce acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in patients with coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 infections: Revised Ms SBMB 2020_166. The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology; 202: 105719. DOI: 1016/j.jsbmb.2020.105719  
  • Rabenberg M, Scheidt-Nave C, Busch MA, Rieckmann N, Hintzpeter B, Mensink GB (2015):
    Vitamin D status among adults in Germany–results from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1). BMC Public Health. 2015; 15:641. DOI: 1186/s12889-015-2016-7
  • Radujkovic A, Hippchen T, Tiwari-Heckler S, Dreher S, Boxberger M, Merle U (2020):
    Vitamin D Deficiency and Outcome of COVID-19 Patients. Nutrients; 12(9):2757. Published 2020 Sep 10. DOI: 3390/nu12092757
  • Radzikowska U, Ding M, Tan Ge, et al. (2020):
    Distribution of ACE2, CD147, CD26, and other SARS-CoV-2 associated molecules in tissues and immune cells in health and in asthma, COPD, obesity, hypertension, and COVID-19 risk factors. Allergy; 00: 1-17. DOI: 1111/all.14429
  • Raed A, Bhagatwala J, Zhu H, Pollock NK, Parikh SJ, Huang Y, Havens R, Kotak I, Guo DH, Dong Y (2017):
    Dose responses of vitamin D3 supplementation on arterial stiffness in overweight African Americans with vitamin D deficiency: A placebo controlled randomized trial. PLoS One; 12(12): e0188424. DOI: 1371/journal.pone.0188424
  • Raloff J (2006):
    The Antibiotic Vitamin. Science News; 170: 312-317. DOI: 2307/4017406
  • Randerath O, Pottkämper M, Beuth J, Pulverer G (1997):
    Immunmodulation mit Herba-abrotani-Tee und Propionibacterium avidum KP-40 bei professionellen Eishockeyspielern. Biol Med; 26: 105–109.
  • Raulio S, Erlund I, Männistö S, et al. (2017):
    Successful nutrition policy: improvement of vitamin D intake and status in Finnish adults over the last decade. Eur J Public Health; 27(2):268-273. DOI: 1093/eurpub/ckw154
  • Ravaglia G, Forti P, Maioli F, Bastagli L, Facchini A, Mariani E, Savarino L, Sassi S, Cucinotta D, Lenaz G (2000):
    Effect of micronutrient status on natural killer cell immune function in healthy free-living subjects aged >/=90 y. Am J Clin Nutr. 71(2): 590-8. DOI: 1093/ajcn/71.2.590
  • Rayman M, Calder PC (2021a):
    How to make COVID vaccines more effective: give people vitamin and mineral supplements. The Conversation, 12.02.2021. URL: https://theconversation.com/how-to-make-covid-vaccines-more-effective-give-people-vitamin-and-mineral-supplements-154974 (28.07.2021)
  • Rayman MP, Calder PC (2021b):
    Optimising COVID-19 vaccine efficacy by ensuring nutritional adequacy. Br J Nutr: 1-2. Online ahead of print. DOI: 1017/S0007114521000386
  • Raymond M, Ching-A-Sue G, Van Hecke O (2020):
    Mast cell stabilisers, leukotriene antagonists and antihistamines: A rapid review of the evidence for their use in COVID-19. Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service Team, Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford. URL: https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/mast-cell-stabilisers-leukotriene-antagonists-and-antihistamines-a-rapid-review-of-effectiveness-in-covid-19/ (18.05.2020)
  • Read R (2020):
    A choir decided to go ahead with rehearsal. Now dozens of members have COVID-19 and two are dead. Los Angeles Times, 29.3.2020. URL: https://www.latimes.com/world-nation/story/2020-03-29/coronavirus-choir-outbreak (07.09.2020)
  • Read JM, Bridgen JRE, Cummings DAT, Ho A, Jewell CP (2021):
    Novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV (COVID-19): early estimation of epidemiological parameters and epidemic size estimates. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2021;376(1829):20200265. DOI: 1098/rstb.2020.0265
  • RECOVERY Collaborative Group; Horby P, Lim WS, et al. (2021):
    Dexamethasone in Hospitalized Patients with Covid-19. N Engl J Med. 2021; 384(8):693-704. DOI: 1056/NEJMoa2021436
  • Rhodes JM, Subramanian S, Laird E, Kenny RA (2020):
    Editorial: low population mortality from COVID-19 in countries south of latitude 35 degrees North supports vitamin D as a factor determining severity. 51(12):1434-1437. DOI: 1111/apt.15777
  • Riva A, Ronchi M, Petrangolini G, Bosisio S, Allegrini P (2019):
    Improved Oral Absorption of Quercetin from Quercetin Phytosome®, a New Delivery System Based on Food Grade Lecithin. Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2019; 44(2):169-177. DOI: 1007/s13318-018-0517-3
  • RIVM (2020):
    Results of random sample test: 4% of hospital staff infected with coronavirus. National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Niederlande, 10.03.2020. URL: https://www.rivm.nl/en/news/result-of-random-sample-4-hospital-staff-infected-with-coronavirus (31.03.2020).
  • RKI (2019):
    Antworten des Robert Koch-Instituts auf häufig gestellte Fragen zu Vitamin D. Robert Koch-Institut, 25.01.2019. URL: https://www.rki.de/SharedDocs/FAQ/Vitamin_D/Vitamin_D_FAQ-Liste.html (20.01.2021)
  • RKI (2020):
    SARS-CoV-2 Steckbrief zur Coronavirus-Krankheit-2019 (COVID-19). Robert Koch-Institut, Stand: 21.08.2020. URL: https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/InfAZ/N/Neuartiges_Coronavirus/Steckbrief.html#doc13776792bodyText1 (27.08.2020)
  • RKI (2021a): DIVI-Intensivregister, Altersstruktur. Robert-Koch-Institut, 10.10.2021.
    URL: https://www.intensivregister.de/#/aktuelle-lage/altersstruktur (11.10.2021)
  • RKI (2021b):
    Kontaktpersonen-Nachverfolgung bei SARS-CoV-2-Infektionen. Robert-Koch-Institut, 15.07.2021. URL: https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/InfAZ/N/Neuartiges_Coronavirus/Kontaktperson/Management.html (03.08.2021)
  • Roberts M (2021):
    Headache and runny nose linked to Delta variant. BBC News online, 14.06.2021. URL: https://www.bbc.com/news/health-57467051 (19.07.2021)
  • Saadh MJ, Almaaytah AM, Alaraj M, et al. (2021):
    Punicalagin and zinc (II) ions inhibit the activity of SARS-CoV-2 3CL-protease in vitro. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2021; 25(10):3908-3913. DOI: 26355/eurrev_202105_25958
  • Sadarangani SP, Whitaker JA, Poland GA (2015):
    „Let there be light“: the role of vitamin D in the immune response to vaccines. Expert Rev Vaccines; 14(11):1427-40. DOI: 1586/14760584.2015.1082426
  • Saeglitz C (2007):
    Mangelernährung bei geriatrischen Patienten im Krankenhaus-Prävalenz, mögliche Ursachen, übliche Therapie und prognostische Bedeutung. Dissertation Universität Bonn, 12.04.2007. URL: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/2726 (07.10.2021)
  • Sarkar S, Hewison M, Studzinski GP, Li YC, Kalia V (2016):
    Role of vitamin D in cytotoxic T lymphocyte immunity to pathogens and cancer. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci; 53(2):132-145. DOI: 3109/10408363.2015.1094443
  • Schilling S (2012):
    Epidemischer Vitamin-D-Mangel bei Patienten einer geriatrischen Rehabilitationsklinik. Deutsches Ärzteblatt; 109(3): 33-38. DOI: 3238/arztebl.2012.0033
  • Schmidt T, Klemis V, Schub D, et al. (2021):
    Immunogenicity and reactogenicity of heterologous ChAdOx1 nCoV-19/mRNA vaccination. Nat Med (2021). DOI: 1038/s41591-021-01464-w
  • Schurgers LJ, Barreto DV, Barreto FC, et al. (2010):
    The circulating inactive form of matrix gla protein is a surrogate marker for vascular calcification in chronic kidney disease: a preliminary report. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol; 5(4): 568-575. DOI: 2215/CJN.07081009  
  • Schurgers LJ, Teunissen KJ, Hamulyák K, Knapen MH, Vik H, Vermeer C (2007):
    Vitamin K-containing dietary supplements: comparison of synthetic vitamin K1 and natto-derived menaquinone-7. Blood; 109(8): 3279-3283. DOI: 1182/blood-2006-08-040709
  • Schwarz F (2020):
    Wie entstand das Coronavirus? Forscher rätseln über Fledermäuse und Schlangen als Überträger. Merkur.de, 07.08.2020. URL: https://www.merkur.de/welt/coronavirus-entstehung-uebertraege-wirtstiere-wildtiere-forschung-fledermaeuse-ursprung-theorien-zr-13635424.html (27.08.2020)
  • Scobie HM, Johnson AG, Suthar AB, et al. (2021):
    Monitoring Incidence of COVID-19 Cases, Hospitalizations, and Deaths, by Vaccination Status – 13 U.S. Jurisdictions, April 4-July 17, 2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021;70(37):1284-1290. Published 2021 Sep 17. DOI: 15585/mmwr.mm7037e1
  • Self WH, Tenforde MW, Rhoads JP, et al (2021):
    Comparative Effectiveness of Moderna, Pfizer-BioNTech, and Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) Vaccines in Preventing COVID-19 Hospitalizations Among Adults Without Immunocompromising Conditions — United States, March–August 2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021; 70:1337–1343. DOI: 15585/mmwr.mm7038e1
  • Seto WH, Tsang D, Yung RW, et al. (2003):
    Effectiveness of precautions against droplets and contact in prevention of nosocomial transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Lancet; 361: 1519-1520. DOI: 1016/s0140-6736(03)13168-6
  • Shapiro J, Dean NE, Madewell ZJ, et al. (2021):
    Efficacy Estimates for Various COVID-19 Vaccines: What we Know from the Literature and Reports. medRxiv 2021.05.20.21257461; DOI: 1101/2021.05.20.21257461
  • Sharif-Askari NS, Sharif-Askari FS, Alabed M, Temsah M-H, Heialy SA, Hamid Q, Halwani R (2020):
    Airways Expression of SARS-CoV-2 Receptor, ACE2, and TMPRSS2 Is Lower in Children Than Adults and Increases with Smoking and COPD. Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev; 18:1-6. DOI: 1016/j.omtm.2020.05.013
  • Shibao C, Arzubiaga C, Roberts LJ 2nd, et al. (2005):
    Hyperadrenergic postural tachycardia syndrome in mast cell activation disorders. Hypertension. 2005;45(3):385-390. DOI: 1161/01.HYP.0000158259.68614.40
  • Siddiqui M, Manansala JS, Abdulrahman HA, et al. (2020):
    Immune Modulatory Effects of Vitamin D on Viral Infections. 2020 Sep 21;12(9):2879. DOI: 10.3390/nu12092879
  • Siegmund-Schultze N (2021):
    Bislang größte Studie zu Art und Häufigkeit post-akuter COVID-19-Folgen: Mehrbelastung ist erheblich. Univadis, 29.04.2021. URL: https://www.univadis.de/viewarticle/bislang-grosste-studie-zu-art-und-haufigkeit-post-akuter-covid-19-folgen-mehrbelastung-ist-erheblich-743183 (05.08.2021)
  • Simonsohn B (2020):
    Das Basische Prinzip: Dr. Jacobs Schutzformel gegen die größten Gesundheitskiller unserer Zeit. Mankau Verlag, 2. Auflage. ISBN-978-3-86374-541-7.
  • Singh I, Turner AH, Sinclair AJ, Li D, Hawley JA (2007):
    Effects of gamma-tocopherol supplementation on thrombotic risk factors. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr.; 16(3):422-428.
  • Smith M, Smith JC (2020):
    Repurposing therapeutics for COVID-19: supercomputer-based docking to the SARS-CoV-2 viral spike protein and viral spike protein-human ACE2 interface. ChemRxiv Preprint. DOI: 26434/chemrxiv.11871402.v4
  • Sohrab G, Nasrollahzadeh J, Zand H, Amiri Z, Tohidi M, Kimiagar M (2014):
    Effects of pomegranate juice consumption on inflammatory markers in patients with type 2 diabetes: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Res Med Sci; 19(3): 215-220.
  • Srinivasan V, Mohamed M, Kato H (2012):
    Melatonin in bacterial and viral infections with focus on sepsis: a review. Recent Pat Endocr Metab Immune Drug Discov; ;6(1):30-39. DOI: 2174/187221412799015317  
  • Stadnytskyi V, Bax CE, Bax A, Anfinruda P (2020):
    The airborne lifetime of small speech droplets and their potential importance in SARS-CoV-2 transmission. PNAS; 117 (22): 11875-11877. DOI: 1073/pnas.2006874117
  • STM (International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers) (2018):
    The STM Report – An overview of scientific and scholarly publishing, 5. Edition.
    URL: https://www.stm-assoc.org/2018_10_04_STM_Report_2018.pdf (07.10.2021)
  • Streeck H, Schulte B, Kümmerer BM, et al. (2020):
    Infection fatality rate of SARS-CoV2 in a super-spreading event in Germany. Nat Commun. 2020;11(1):5829. Published 2020 Nov 17. DOI: 1038/s41467-020-19509-y
  • Struyf T, Deeks JJ, Dinnes J, et al. (2020):
    Signs and symptoms to determine if a patient presenting in primary care or hospital out patient settings has COVID-19 disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 7. Art.No.: CD013665. DOI: 1002/14651858.CD013665
  • Suleiman L, Negrier C, Boukerche H (2013):
    Protein S: a multifunctional anticoagulant vitamin K-dependent protein at the crossroads of coagulation, inflammation, angiogenesis, and cancer. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol; 88(3): 637–654. DOI: 1016/j.critrevonc.2013.07.004
  • Sun JK, Zhang WH, Zou L, et al. (2020):
    Serum calcium as a biomarker of clinical severity and prognosis in patients with coronavirus disease 2019. Aging (Albany NY).; 12(12):11287-11295. DOI: 18632/aging.103526
  • Suručić R, Tubić B, Stojiljković MP, et al. (2021):
    Computational study of pomegranate peel extract polyphenols as potential inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 virus internalization. Mol Cell Biochem 476, 1179–1193 (2021). DOI: 1007/s11010-020-03981-7
  • Swain E (2021):
    CDC: Benefits of COVID-19 messenger RNA vaccines outweigh myocarditis risks. Cardiology today. URL: https://www.healio.com/news/cardiology/20210623/cdc-benefits-of-covid19-messenger-rna-vaccines-outweigh-myocarditis-risks (26.08.2021)
  • Tagesschau (2021):
    Hohe Viruslast bei infizierten Geimpften. Tagesschau.de, 31.7.2021. URL: https://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/amerika/cdc-corona-geimpfte-101.html (05.08.2021)
  • Tan J, Anderson DE, Rathore APS, et al. (2021):
    Signatures of mast cell activation are associated with severe COVID-19. medRxiv. 2021; 2021.05.31.21255594. Published 2021 Jun 1. DOI: 10.1101/2021.05.31.21255594
  • Tarazona-Santabalbina FJ, Cuadra L, Cancio JM, et al. (2021):
    VitaminD supplementation for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19: a position statement from the Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol. 2021;56(3):177-182. DOI: 10.1016/j.regg.2021.02.001
  • Taubenberger JK (2006):
    The origin and virulence of the 1918 “Spanish” influenza virus. Proc Am Philos Soc; 150(1): 86-112.
  • The Economist (2021):
    The pandemic’s true death toll. URL: https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/coronavirus-excess-deaths-estimates?utm_medium=pr&utm_source=de-a (08.09.2021)
  • Thomas GN, ó Hartaigh B, Bosch JA, et al. (2012):
    Vitamin D levels predict all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in subjects with the metabolic syndrome: the Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health (LURIC) Study. Diabetes Care; 35(5): 1158-1164. DOI: 2337/dc11-1714
  • Thomas SJ, Moreira Jr. ED, Kitchin N et al. (2021):
    Six Month Safety and Efficacy of the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine. medRxiv, DOI: 1101/2021.07.28.21261159
  • Tito A, Colantuono A, Pirone L, et al. (2021):
    Pomegranate Peel Extract as an Inhibitor of SARS-CoV-2 Spike Binding to Human ACE2 Receptor (in vitro): A Promising Source of Novel Antiviral Drugs. Front Chem. 2021; 9:638187. Published 2021 Apr 28. DOI: 3389/fchem.2021.638187
  • Twohig KA, Nyberg T, Zaidi A, et al. (2021):
    Hospital admission and emergency care attendance risk for SARS-CoV-2 delta (B.1.617.2) compared with alpha (B.1.1.7) variants of concern: a cohort study [published online ahead of print, 2021 Aug 27]. Lancet Infect Dis. 2021; S1473-3099(21)00475-8. DOI: 1016/S1473-3099(21)00475-8
  • Uni Lübeck (2021):
    Corona-Langzeitstudie ELISA. 05.2021. URL: https://www.uni-luebeck.de/aktuelles/nachricht/artikel/corona-langzeitstudie-elisa.html (20.07.2021)
  • United Nations (2021):
    Solidarity ‘Missing in Action’, Secretary-General Tells General Assembly, Decrying ‘Malady of Mistrust’ while Stressing: ‘We Must Get Serious’. United Nations, 21.09.2021. URL: https://www.un.org/press/en/2021/sgsm20918.doc.htm (23.09.2021)
  • Uwitonze AM, Razzaque MS (2018):
    Role of Magnesium in Vitamin D Activation and Function. J Am Osteopath Assoc; 118: 181-189. DOI: 7556/jaoa.2018.037
  • van Ballegooijen AJ, Beulens JWJ, Kieneker LM, et al. (2020):
    Combined low vitamin D and K status amplifies mortality risk: a prospective study. Eur J Nutr 60, 1645–1654 (2021). DOI: 1007/s00394-020-02352-8
  • van de Veerdonk F, Netea MG, van Deuren M, et al. (2020):
    Kinins and Cytokines in COVID-19: A Comprehensive Pathophysiological Approach. Preprints 2020, 2020040023. DOI: 20944/preprints202004.0023.v1
  • van Doremalen N, Lloyd-Smith JO, Munster VJ (2020):
    Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1. N Engl J Med; 382: 1564-1567. DOI: 1056/NEJMc2004973
  • Vardavas CI, Nikitara K (2020):
    COVID-19 and smoking: A systematic review of the evidence. Tob Induc Dis; 18(March): 20. DOI: 18332/tid/119324
  • Varga Z, Flammer AJ, Steiger P et al. (2020):
    Endothelial cell infection and endotheliitis in COVID-19. The Lancet 395: 10234, P1417-1418.DOI: 1016/S0140-6736(20)30937-5  
  • Vashi PG, Gupta D, Trukova K, Lambert GM, Lammersfeld C (2013):
    The association between pre-treatment serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and survival in stage IV prostate cancer. J Clin Oncol; 31: 15 (Suppl; abs 5036). DOI: 1200/jco.2013.31.15_suppl.5036
  • Veldman CM, Cantorna MT, DeLuca HF. (2000):
    Expression of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) receptor in the immune system. Arch Biochem Biophys; 374:334–338. DOI: 1006/abbi.1999.1605
  • Veronese N, Stubbs B, Solmi M, Noale M, Vaona A, Demurtas J, Maggi S (2017):
    Dietary magnesium intake and fracture risk: data from a large prospective study. Br J Nutr; 117(11): 1570-1576. DOI: 1017/S0007114517001350
  • Vimalanathan S, Schoop R, Suter A, Hudson J (2017):
    Prevention of influenza virus induced bacterial superinfection by standardized Echinacea purpurea, via regulation of surface receptor expression in human bronchial epithelial cells. Virus Res; 233: 51-59. DOI: 1016/j.virusres.2017.03.006
  • Volkery C (2021):
    Delta-Welle – 40 Prozent der Corona-Patienten in England sind geimpft. Handelsblatt, 22.07.2021. URL: https://www.handelsblatt.com/politik/delta-welle-40-prozent-der-corona-patienten-in-england-sind-geimpft/27437634.html?ticket=ST-11954362-3BxiT6UBNB273VoCTXg5-ap1 (22.07.2021)
  • von Essen MR, Kongsbak M, Schjerling P, Olgaard K, Ødum N, Geisler C (2010):
    Vitamin D controls T cell antigen receptor signaling and activation of human T cells. Nature Immunology; 11: 344–349. DOI: 1038/ni.1851
  • Vormann J, Goedecke T (2006):
    Acid-Base Homeostasis: Latent Acidosis as a Cause of Chronic Diseases. Zschr. GanzheitsMedizin; 18(5): 255-266.
  • Wagenhäuser I, Knies K, Rauschenberger V, et al. (2021):
    Clinical performance evaluation of SARS-CoV-2 rapid antigen testing in point of care usage in comparison to RT-qPCR. EBioMedicine. 2021; 69:103455. DOI: 1016/j.ebiom.2021.103455
  • Wang M, Liu M, Wang C, et al. (2019):
    Association between vitamin D status and asthma control: A meta-analysis of randomized trials. Respir Med. 2019; 150:85-94. DOI: 1016/j.rmed.2019.02.016
  • Wang X, Pan Z, Cheng Z (2020):
    Association between 2019-nCoV transmission and N95 respirator use. J Hosp Infect; 105: 104-05. DOI: 1016/j.jhin.2020.02.021
  • Ward H, Atchison CJ, Whitaker M et al. (2020):
    Antibody prevalence for SARS-CoV-2 in England following first peak of the pandemic: REACT2 study in 100,000 adults. medRxiv preprint. DOI: 1101/2020.08.12.20173690
  • Weng Y, Yao J, Sparks S, Wang KY (2017):
    Nattokinase: An Oral Antithrombotic Agent for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease. Int J Mol Sci. 2017;18(3):523. Published 2017 Feb 28. DOI: 3390/ijms18030523
  • White C, Nafilyan V (2020):
    Coronavirus (COVID-19) related deaths by ethnic group, England and Wales: 2 March 2020 to 10 April 2020. Office for National Statistics, 07.05.2020. URL: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/articles/coronavirusrelateddeathsbyethnicgroupenglandandwales/2march2020to10april2020 (21.10.2020)
  • WHO (2020):
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Situation Report – 73. World Health Organisation, 02.04.2020. URL: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200402-sitrep-73-covid-19.pdf (11.09.2020)
  • WHO (2021):
    Tracking SARS-CoV-2 variants. World Health Organisation. URL: https://www.who.int/en/activities/tracking-SARS-CoV-2-variants/ (19.07.2021)
  • Willett W, Rockström J, Loken B, et al. (2019):
    Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT-Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems. Lancet. 2019; 393(10170):447-492. DOI: 1016/S0140-6736(18)31788-4
  • Williams J, Williams C (2020):
    Responsibility for vitamin D supplementation of elderly care home residents in England: falling through the gap between medicine and food. BMJ Nutr Prev Health. 2020;3(2):256-262. Published 2020 Oct 12. DOI: 1136/bmjnph-2020-000129
  • Woolf SH, Masters RK, Aron LY (2021): Effect of the covid-19 pandemic in 2020 on life expectancy across populations in the USA and other high income countries: simulations of provisional mortality data BMJ 2021; 373:n1343. DOI: 1136/bmj.n1343
  • Worldometers (2021):
    COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic. URL: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/ (10.03.2021)
  • Worldometers (2020):
    COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic. URL: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/ (27.08.2020)
  • Xin H, Wong JY, Murphy C, et al. (2019):
    The incubation period distribution of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a systematic review and meta-analysis [published online ahead of print, 2021 Jun 12]. Clin Infect Dis. 2021; ciab501. DOI: 1093/cid/ciab501
  • Yepes-Perez AF, Herrera-Calderón O, Oliveros CA, et al. (2021):
    The Hydroalcoholic Extract of Uncaria tomentosa (Cat’s Claw) Inhibits the Infection of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) In Vitro. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2021:6679761. Published 2021 Feb 24. DOI: 1155/2021/6679761
  • Yepes-Pérez AF, Herrera-Calderon O, Quintero-Saumeth J (2020):
    Uncaria tomentosa (cat’s claw): a promising herbal medicine against SARS-CoV-2/ACE-2 junction and SARS-CoV-2 spike protein based on molecular modeling [published online ahead of print, 2020 Oct 29]. J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2020;1-17. DOI: 1080/07391102.2020.1837676
  • Yip KH, Kolesnikoff N, Yu C, et al. (2014):
    Mechanisms of vitamin D₃ metabolite repression of IgE-dependent mast cell activation. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014;133(5):1356-136514. DOI: 1016/j.jaci.2013.11.030
  • Zakay-Rones Z, Thom E, Wollan T, Wadstein J (2004):
    Randomized study of the efficacy and safety of oral elderberry extract in the treatment of influenza A and B virus infections. J Int Med Res; 32(2): 132-140. DOI: 1177/147323000403200205  
  • Zakay-Rones Z, Varsano N, Zlotnik M, Manor O, Regev L, Schlesinger M, Mumcuoglu M (1995):
    Inhibition of several strains of influenza virus in vitro and reduction of symptoms by an elderberry extract (Sambucus nigra L.) during an outbreak of influenza B Panama. J Altern Complement Med; 1(4): 361-369. DOI: 1089/acm.1995.1.361
  • Zasloff M (2006): Inducing endogenous antimicrobial peptides to battle infections. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA; 103: 8913-8914. DOI: 1073/pnas.0603508103
  • Zeichner SB, Koru-Sengul T, Shah N, Liu Q, Markward NJ, Montero AJ, Gluck S, Silva O, Ahn ER (2015):
    Improved clinical outcomes associated with vitamin D supplementation during adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with HER2+ nonmetastatic breast cancer. Clin Breast Cancer; 15(1): e1-11. DOI: 1016/j.clbc.2014.08.001
  • Zeng W, Wang X, Li J, et al. (2020):
    Association of Daily Wear of Eyeglasses With Susceptibility to Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020;138(11):1196-1199. DOI: 1001/jamaophthalmol.2020.3906
  • Zhou F, Yu T, Du R, et al. (2020a):
    Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet; 395(10229): 1054-1062. DOI: 1016/S0140-6736(20)30566-3
  • Zhou J, Du J, Huang L, Wang Y, Shi Y, Lin H (2018):
    Preventive Effects of Vitamin D on Seasonal Influenza A in Infants: A Multicenter, Randomized, Open, Controlled Clinical Trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018;37(8):749-754. DOI: 1097/INF.0000000000001890
  • Zhou P, Yang XL, Wang XG, et al. (2020b):
    A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin. Nature 579: 270–273. DOI: 1038/s41586-020-2012-7
  • Zittermann A, von Helden R, Grant W, Kipshoven C, Ringe JD (2009):
    An estimate of the survival benefit of improving vitamin D status in the adult German population. Dermatoendocrinol; 1(6): 300-306. DOI: 4161/derm.1.6.10970
  • Zoe Covid Study (2021):
    What are the new top 5 COVID symptoms? Zoe Covid Study, 23.07.2021. URL: https://covid.joinzoe.com/post/new-top-5-covid-symptoms (04.08.2021)

Leseprobe herunterladen

Gratis Updates Zum Buch Und Aktuellen Gesundheitsthemen​

NutricaMEDia benötigt Ihre Kontaktinformationen, die Sie uns zur Verfügung stellen, um Sie per E-Mail kontaktieren zu können. Sie können sich jederzeit von diesen Benachrichtigungen abmelden. Informationen zum Abbestellen sowie unsere Datenschutzpraktiken und unsere Verpflichtung zum Schutz Ihrer Privatsphäre finden Sie in unseren Datenschutzbestimmungen.

Aktuelle Beiträge